14 Dec Do I need to Remove IUD to Create Healthy Embryos or Freeze Eggs?
At the leading fertility center in San Diego, fertility treatment is not about making miracles. The true tenacity and heart behind our program are the most advanced technology combined with expertise, science, perseverance, and compassionate care.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most effective fertility treatment. During the IVF process, eggs and sperm are combined in our laboratory to create embryos. The resulting embryo (fertilized egg) is then transferred into the uterus. IVF offers the highest rate of success out of all treatment options.
Many patients ask our doctors if they need to have their IUD removed before the IVF process. Here at FSMG, you do not need to remove an IUD to create healthy embryos for the IVF process.
What is an IUD?
An IUD is a contraceptive device that is placed into the uterus to inhibit pregnancy. There are two types of IUDs: hormonal IUDs and nonhormonal copper IUDs. The hormonal kind release levonorgestrel — a synthetic form of the hormone progestin, to block ovulation, thicken cervical mucus, and thin the lining of the uterus, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. The nonhormonal IUD releases copper which is toxic to sperm.
IUD give women excellent control over their reproductive futures and can be used to treat several gynecological conditions. IUDs are known as a ‘set-it-and-forget-it birth control’ method because they are effective for years after insertion. Women with endometriosis, heavy menstrual bleeding or chronic pelvic pain have symptom relief with the levonorgestrel IUD.
IUDs (both hormonal and copper) can stay in place throughout the egg or embryo freezing process. This contrasts with other types of birth control, such as the pill, patch, ring of shot which need to be paused before you start an egg or embryo freezing cycle.
IVF with IUDs
The key to IVF with IUDs is that IUDs do not prevent ovulation. IUDs do not affect the stimulation of egg production during an egg or embryo freezing cycle. Egg retrieval is performed via a needle that goes through the wall of the vagina and into the ovary. The uterus is not involved in the stimulation of the ovaries or the retrieval for embryo and egg freezing cycles.
This is exceptional news for women and couples who want to create embryos or freeze eggs and continue to use the IUD for contraception and /or relief of gynecological symptoms. Many women are relieved to learn they do not need to remove and reinsert their IUDs for an egg or embryo freezing cycle.