Does Endometriosis Cause Infertility?

Does Endometriosis Cause Infertility?

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), endometriosis may be found in 24-50 percent of women experiencing infertility — and in more than 20 percent of those who have chronic pelvic pain.

Endometriosis is a condition in which uterine tissue starts to grow outside the uterus. Endometriosis may develop outside your uterus, ovaries, and tubes and even on your bladder or intestines. This tissue can irritate the structures that it touches, causing pain and adhesions (scar tissue) on these organs.

This can cause infertility due to damage to the reproductive organs. Currently, there are no known cures or treatments for endometriosis, and it is considered an incurable disease that impacts 1 in 10 women by their 30s.

Does Endometriosis Cause Infertility?

If you have endometriosis, it may be more difficult for you to become pregnant. Endometriosis can cause infertility because it prevents the ovary from releasing eggs.

It is a chronic, devastating condition that occurs when uterine tissue starts growing outside of the uterus, usually on other organs in the pelvic region. This tissue can also grow on and block fallopian tubes, leading to infertility by blocking egg release.

Endometriosis can impair fertility if it leads to scarring or causes an adhesion that blocks or tear the fallopian tube during surgery. When endometriosis is present on the ovary, it can lead to cysts and adhesions that prevent egg release and hormone production.

Quick Glance — The Condition May Cause Infertility When:

  • Adhesions have blocked the fallopian tubes, preventing the sperm and egg from reaching one another or the resulting fertilized egg from reaching the uterus.
  • The anatomy of the pelvis has changed due to adhesions that have developed on the reproductive organs. This can make interaction with the fallopian tubes and ovaries less likely.
  • Hormone production has changed, altering egg production and quality.
  • The immune system is functioning differently.

What Treatment is Used for Endometriosis?

The treatment for endometriosis may vary depending on what type of endometriosis you have.

We may use the following assisted reproductive technologies to improve the chances of pregnancy in women with endometriosis:

  • IVF
  • Hormone-suppressing medications
  • Ovulation inducing medications
  • Intrauterine insemination

The treatment option chosen will depend on the specifics of the disease, cost-effectiveness, and the patient’s goals. Although there is no cure for the condition, women with it have treatment options that can address symptoms and enhance prospects for pregnancy if they are infertile due to endometriosis.



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