04 Jan Lesbian Parenthood: Options and Considerations for Building Your Family
The path you choose to build a family will be unique to you and your circumstances. Lesbian single intended parents may be entering parenthood on their own or with a partner. Sometimes one lesbian partner desires to be a biological parent, while other times both partners desire to eventually conceive and carry. Occasionally, neither partner wants to carry a pregnancy or is unable to be pregnant and prefer to find a surrogate.
There is no right or wrong way to build a family, so what you choose boils down to your personal preferences and other factors such as cost. Laws for gay and lesbian parents vary depending on where you live. When you embark second-parent adoption (for the non-biological parent with procedures like IUI and IVF), or surrogacy, you will want to be aware of your state’s laws as they apply to your unique situation.
FSMG focuses on providing the most advanced and personalized care for members of our LGBTQ+ community, dedicating our experience and clinical best practices to developing individualized treatment plans and support during your journey to build your family.
Fertility Services for LGBTQ+
Our fertility specialists will discuss the various treatment options with each LGBTQ+ couple or individual. We will also discuss the processes of each option, including the costs, the chances of success and the potential risks.
Fertility treatments for LGBTQ+ individuals and couples include the following.
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI) places sperm in the uterus, either from a nonidentified sperm donor or an identified sperm donor. Cycles can be natural or medicated if ovulation or age is a factor.
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) brings eggs and sperm together in our laboratory to create an embryo that can be implanted in the uterus for pregnancy.
- Donor sperm, eggs or embryos are forms of third-party assistance often used for family building.
- A gestational carrier (surrogate) will be necessary for couples or individuals who do not have a uterus. A gestational carrier is not genetically related to the baby she delivers for the intended parent(s). An embryo generated by or for the intended parent(s) is transferred into the uterus of the gestational carrier.
What is IUI?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that inserts sperm directly into the uterus around the time of ovulation. IUI assists sperm in traveling to the egg for fertilization by placing the sperm in the uterine cavity, past the vagina and cervix.
The goal of IUI is to place a concentrated number of sperm within the uterine cavity. This decreases the distance and amount of time it takes for sperm to reach the fallopian tubes to fertilize an egg and result in pregnancy.
Single individuals with a uterus and couples who are using donor sperm to become pregnant can do so using IUI. The fertility specialists will evaluate the individual with a uterus and ovaries to determine if the intended parent is a suitable candidate for intrauterine insemination. Open fallopian tubes and ovulation are needed for IUI in addition to sperm.