To diagnose certain problems, we may need to look directly into the abdomen and at the reproductive organs. This can be done with laparoscopy. A laparoscope is a small telescope that is inserted through a small incision in the abdominal wall. It brings light into the abdomen so the doctor can see inside and repair any problems that are discovered. Laparoscopy is usually performed in an operating room on an outpatient basis.
Hysteroscopy is a surgical procedure that allows the physician to inspect the inside of the uterus by inserting a hysteroscope (a small telescope about the size of a pen) through the vagina and cervix and into the uterus. This procedure takes place in an operating room on an outpatient basis. Liquid is placed into the uterus through the hysteroscope to separate the walls and allow inspection. Fibroids, polyps, scarring, and uterine shape abnormalities may thus be seen and corrected.