Fertility Services for Gay Men
Same-sex male couples or individuals will need the assistance of a gestational carrier and an egg donor for family building.
Egg Donors and Gestational Carriers
An egg donor will need to be selected. Most couples or individuals choose a nonidentified egg donor through an egg bank. Options can include a “fresh” donation cycle in which an egg donor goes through IVF specifically for the couple or individual, or they may choose to use frozen donor eggs that have previously been collected and are cryopreserved in an egg bank.
All use of egg donors (whether eggs are collected fresh or frozen) are required to follow specific guidelines set forth by the FDA regarding infectious disease testing. Egg donor (cryopreserved) banks can vary significantly regarding the information they give on egg donor background, health history, physical characteristics, pregnancy history, and genetic screening.
Some couples choose to use an identified egg donor (previously termed “known”), who is typically a friend or family member of the nonbiologically involved partner. Known egg donors are also required to be screened as prescribed by the FDA.
A gestational carrier is necessary to carry the pregnancy. The gestational carrier can be a family member or friend of the couple or found through a gestational carrier agency.
If a couple is building a family, they may choose to use sperm from one or both individuals to create embryos. Sperm is not mixed. Which eggs get fertilized with whose sperm is known. If they choose to use both sperm sources, then which embryos will be transferred can be reviewed to optimize the couple’s reproductive goals.
We recommend gay couples or individuals seek legal advice and counseling when they begin considering a family building plan.