Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses a laparoscope.
This consists of a small tube attached to a camera, as well as associated thin surgical instruments that can be inserted through small incisions in the abdomen.
These allow the fertility surgeon to efficiently diagnose and repair issues in the reproductive organs. A laparoscopic procedure requires two or more small incisions in the abdomen, one usually through the belly button, in order to minimize visual scars and decrease pain and healing time.
Laparoscopy typically takes about 30-90 minutes to complete and is typically performed under minimal general anesthesia. In order to achieve the best view of the organs, the abdominal cavity is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to move the organs away from the abdominal wall for optimum safety and visibility.
During the procedure, the surgeons may take tissue samples, drain or remove cysts, remove scar tissue, or excise fibroids. Once finished, the surgeon removes the instruments, clears the gas from the abdomen, and repairs the small incision(s).