Infertility in Women
Be in the Know. Female Fertility at a Glance.
- Infertility is the inability to conceive a child or carry a pregnancy to delivery.
- In women, the timing of evaluation is based on age:
- under age 35 – after 12 months of unprotected intercourse.
- 35-40 – after six months of trying.
- over 40 – after three months of unprotected intercourse.
- Women who do not have regular menstrual cycles or have risk factors for infertility (i.e. history of chemotherapy) should seek immediate evaluation.
- The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) estimates that 15% of couples will need fertility testing and treatment to conceive. This can be due to female infertility, male infertility, or a combination of both.
- One of our reproductive endocrinologists can help determine any underlying cause of infertility in a woman by first reviewing her reproductive and health history, performing a physical exam, and typically recommending specific diagnostic testing to clarify a diagnosis.
- Common female infertility problems include ovulation disorders, structural issues with a woman’s reproductive organs or unexplained infertility, which means no definitive cause has been found.
- Female infertility is most often treatable, and treatments include medication, intrauterine insemination (IUI), minimally invasive surgery, and/or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
- Single women and LGBTQIA individuals may also have infertility issues, and thus a diagnostic work-up is generally always recommended prior to starting treatment.