Sperm Donor Screening
ASRM recommends sperm donors be of legal age, but younger than 40 in order to minimize the potential risks of sperm from older donors.
As previously mentioned, donors can be nonidentified (anonymous) or identified (known), but all donors should undergo the FDA’s recommended screening and testing process to minimize the transmission of infectious disease.
This screening includes testing for infectious disease agents or diseases. A comprehensive medical history is the main focus of the screening process, including an extensive questionnaire for high-risk behaviors.
Information gathered includes:
- Evaluation of the health of the donor
- Family medical history of the donor
- The sexual history of the donor, in order to exclude those at high risk for sexually transmitted infectious diseases
A psychological evaluation and counseling are recommended for all sperm donors, both identified and nonidentified. This is to the benefit of the recipient(s) and donor. The goal of the assessment is to identify:
- Psychological risks
- Financial and emotional coercion risks
- Concerns regarding disclosure of the donor’s identity
- Plans for future contact
The FDA requires all sperm donors to be tested for a specific list of infectious diseases and return negative results within seven days of the donation.
Additionally, nonidentified sperm donors must be tested again after a period of quarantine of the sperm sample. This is recommended for identified donors as well but can be waived with appropriate counseling regarding risks.